Common Surprises When Renovating A NYC Apartment
How to plan for the three most common surprises found when renovating a NYC apartment, and identifying their impact on time and cost.
Here’s something that shouldn’t be a surprise - when a renovation isn’t planned properly the renovation will likely take longer and cost more, especially in New York. Yet, very often homeowners dive into dream home renovations and wind up in a nightmare thanks to various unexpected surprises that arise as a result of not doing proper due diligence up front in the always complicated process.
By understanding the implications of the following surprises that can arise when renovating a NYC apartment, homeowners looking to remodel can get ahead of these potential project derailments and better manage their own expectations as an educated consumer.
If not properly planned for, there are quite a few potential issues that could surface during a renovation, but these three have the biggest impact on time and cost.
Common NYC Renovation Surprise 1: Asbestos
Asbestos is a mineral fiber formation that is resistant to heat and corrosion which was used as insulation support on building materials for decades. However, once officials discovered inhaling asbestos dust led to cancer and mesothelioma, the hazardous material was phased out of use.
Signs Your Property May Asbestos Containing Material:
Common indicators of asbestos:
Original glued down parquet flooring in post war buildings built in the 50’s, 60’s and 70’s.
9” x 9” inch linoleum tile is a good indicator of asbestos in the glue used to install the tile, especially from the 50's to 70’s time period.
While less common, estate condition apartments oftentimes contain asbestos on the insulation of plumbing.
How To Account For Finding Asbestos:
Renovations that disturb the asbestos-containing material cannot proceed until the asbestos is remediated by a company that specializes in asbestos removal. Still, just because a property contains asbestos does not necessarily mean the asbestos has to be removed or automatically poses a hazard to your health. Here are the ways to prepare for your space potentially having asbestos:
At Gallery, we test for asbestos ahead of time, so we can plan for the added effort or see if there's a way around the issue. By law, if you're doing work that disturbs the asbestos, mitigation is required and bringing in an asbestos remediation company for air quality removal and monitoring is likely in order. However if our preliminary tests confirm asbestos won’t be disturbed during the renovation, then we can plan to work around the area and avoid the issue altogether.
Speak To The Super
Prior to demo and during pre-planning, speak to the super and find out if other owners in the building have encountered asbestos. Some supers will be tight-lipped, especially to a prospective buyer, but asking doesn’t hurt and getting a heads up can save you time and potential re-scoping.
Sometimes asbestos can be found on plumbing. If branch plumbing, usually homeowners are responsible to mitigate or remediate. If asbestos is found on building plumbing (meaning, the risers), usually that's the building's responsibility. Thankfully, renovations don’t usually touch the risers, so having to remediate is less likely, since the asbestos won’t be disturbed. While not common, some NYC buildings ask the apartment owner to remediate asbestos on plumbing regardless whether it is found on the branch or the risers. In these circumstances it is useful to have a knowledgeable firm on your side that can guide your discussions with the building with respect to precedent of how other buildings typically operate.
Common NYC Renovation Surprise 2: Cloth Wiring
Cloth wiring was typically used in the late 1940's, 1950's and early 1960's. Having been there likely over half-a-century, the potential for problems is high. First, in renovation projects requiring electrical permits, cloth wiring will not pass inspection. Second, and more importantly, old cloth wiring freys over time and becomes increasingly more of a fire hazard when not replaced.
Signs You Have Might Have Cloth Wiring
Here is the key indicator a home may have cloth wiring behind the walls:
Pre War buildings and apartments built during the 50’ through 70’s were wired with cloth wire. Many of these apartments have since been upgraded but unless a previous renovation involved rewiring of the space then it is safe to assume the original cloth wiring still exists).
How To Account For Finding Cloth Wiring
If renovating an apartment in NYC, here are the factors to consider if a home ends up having cloth wiring:
At Gallery, we test the electrical wiring prior to any renovation in order to determine if there will be any implications on our project scope.
Replace The Wiring
The moment cloth wiring is identified upon inspection the best practices strongly recommend rewiring and replacing the outdated wiring with a more modern metal-armored or plastic-sheathed alternative.
Consider Cost & Time To Replace
The cost of any specific line item on a renovation task list is relative to the entire size of the project. When considering rewiring though, the work is both time-consuming and costly. Rewiring a typically 3 bedroom apartment in NYC will cost roughly $30-50k on average and 4-6 weeks total time to accommodate. This process typically requires the following steps:
- Step 1) Creating the path to ensure electrical is in the best place possible for design
- Step 2) Channeling the Wiring
- Step 3) Running the Wiring
- Step 4) Plastering the Walls
- Step 5) Skim Coat the Walls (usually advisable but not in all circumstances)
Common NYC Renovation Surprise 3: Insufficient Electrical Load
Having an insufficient electrical load is an easy issue to leave unaccounted for, but one that often results in big problems for homeowners when taken for granted. In NYC there is a certain circuit breaker load limit per building (divided up by each individual apartment), which cannot be exceeded. If exceeded, buildings have electrical shortages and potentially full power outages.
Signs You Might Have An Insufficient Electrical Load
Here are key indicators your home or apartment may have an insufficient electrical load:
An exhausted electrical panel will affect your home in various ways, but flickering lights may be the most obvious. Lights flicker because they’re not getting their proper share of the electrical breaker. If plugging in more items makes the flickering worse, there’s almost certainly an insufficient electrical load.
Breakers Trip Often
Breakers cut the electricity when the circuit shorts or overloads. If this happens often in a building, there’s a good chance there’s not much wiggle room in the breaker load.
Current Appliances Can’t Keep Up
If homeowners are already having issues running high-end appliances, trying to add more upon a renovation will only put more pressure on the breaker.
How To Account For An Insufficient Electrical Load
If considering renovating an apartment in NYC, these are the ways to deal with an insufficient electrical load:
At Gallery, we test current and proposed electrical loads prior to any renovation in order to determine if we’ll need to adjust our clients’ appliance selections accordingly or if an electrical service upgrade will be required.
Upgrade the amount of power coming into the apartment, which can be very costly depending on the conditions of the building.
Reconsider Your Appliances
Although not ideal, choosing different appliances with less electrical requirements is likely the more practical approach to fixing electrical load issues.
Benefits Of Preparing For Common Surprises When Renovating A NYC Apartment
Here are the key benefits of preparing for common surprises when renovating a New York City apartment:
Over time, cloth wiring frays and becomes more susceptible to fire damage. As electrical loads are added over time, the wires become even more volatile. Updating cloth wiring provides safe surroundings and long-term peace of mind. Proactiveness with asbestos removal is essential as well, reducing the potential to become disturbed over time and pollute the home air quality.
In recent years, New York City has been enforcing stronger regulations on gas and electric. As the city looks to move away from gas towards electricity, NYC has become more diligent about ensuring old electrical components are redrawn.
How Gallery Helps Our Clients Avoid Surprises When Renovating A NYC Apartment
There is no substitute to proper planning and the same is true of testing for the potential conditions that can derail a renovation project should they be uncovered too late. Early in the planning process we test for numerous factors like asbestos, electrical loads, and hidden structural, plumbing, and electrical elements. Based on the findings, we give clients their site conditions and options, then propose the costs for all potential routes. Like planning, there is also no substitute for experience - at Gallery we pride ourselves in our deep knowledge of renovating in NYC buildings and the creativity we bring to problem solving the unique challenges.